The Birmingham campaign
In 1963, a pivotal civil rights campaign was fought in Birmingham, Alabama, the most segregated city in the US.
"In Birmingham, white people had a lot of hate and little respect for black folk," one campaigner recalled.
"Segregation was the law and it was way out of line - a lot of folk were afraid," he told the BBC.
The Sixties. That was my time. You know, a period in your life when important things happen that you never forget, and your life is changed forever.
Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat to a white man sparked the Montgomery bus boycott and the start of the civil rights movement.
Mrs Parks was a 42-year-old seamstress when she made her stand in Alabama, on 1 December 1955.
She was arrested and fined $14.
Mrs Parks' legacy
Mrs Parks died on 24 October 2005, aged 92.
Civil rights leader Jesse Jackson said her legacy would never die.
"I am leaving this legacy to all of you," she said in 1988, "to bring peace, justice, equality, love and a fulfilment of what our lives should be.
"Without vision, the people will perish, and without courage and inspiration, dreams will die - the dream of freedom and peace."
Segregation in schools
The Montgomery bus boycott came about a year after a landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling outlawed deliberate racial segregation in public schools.
But divisions remained.
Three students at Clinton High School picketed their school as it became the first state-supported school in Tennessee to integrate, in August 1956.